Find all hosts on network with Nmap

To find all pingable hosts on the newtwork you are currently on first find your own ip. In Linux/OSX you can run the command ifconfig (windows uses the ‘ipconfig’ command):

malen@LKGADEFB8:~$ sudo ifconfig
eth0      Link encap:Ethernet  HWaddr 00:1d:7e:ad:ef:b8  
          inet addr:192.168.0.77  Bcast:192.168.0.255  Mask:255.255.255.0
          inet6 addr: fe80::21d:7eff:fead:efb8/64 Scope:Link
          UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST  MTU:1500  Metric:1
          RX packets:23647854 errors:0 dropped:83 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:31522391 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:100 
          RX bytes:320343317 (305.5 MiB)  TX bytes:3340057852 (3.1 GiB)

lo        Link encap:Local Loopback  
          inet addr:127.0.0.1  Mask:255.0.0.0
          inet6 addr: ::1/128 Scope:Host
          UP LOOPBACK RUNNING  MTU:16436  Metric:1
          RX packets:1736 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:0
          TX packets:1736 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
          collisions:0 txqueuelen:0 
          RX bytes:159128 (155.3 KiB)  TX bytes:159128 (155.3 KiB)

You here see your IP at ‘inet addr’ on eth0: 192.168.0.77. To see if there are any other hosts on the 192.168.0.x net use:

nmap -v -sP 192.168.0.1/24

This will ping all hosts on 192.168.0.x and show your result in a list

Host 192.168.0.1 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.2 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.3 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.4 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.5 appears to be down.
...
Host Slug (192.168.0.77) appears to be up.
...
Host 192.168.0.250 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.251 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.252 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.253 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.254 appears to be down.
Host 192.168.0.255 appears to be down.

Tested on OSX 10.7.4 and Debian Lenny

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